In many countries both traditional and modern healthcare systems function side by side. Traditional systems of healthcare include the well-documented classical systems of China, Tibet and India, the less studied systems in Africa and Latin America as well as many folk systems that are passed on orally. In remote rural areas, traditional healers continue to be the main providers of primary healthcare. The experiences of I-AIM in India show the potential of supporting local health systems, as modern medicine serves only one-third of the population. Rural communities continue to depend on traditional healers, midwives and bone-setters who base their treatments of humans and animals on classical and traditional systems of medicine.
Various Compas partner organizations are working to revitalize valuable traditional practices, with the aim of achieving self-reliance in primary healthcare.
Thematic brochures on traditional medicine: