Biocultural diversity is recognises that biological and cultural diversity are inextricably linked and have likely coevolved. In the COMPAS programme biocultural diversity is promoted through supporting endogenous development processes within communities. The aim is to preserve and promote cultural knowledge and practices along with the biodiversity, ecosystems and landscapes that have been sustained by communities and rural people for generations.
Bio-cultural diversity highlights the fact that nature and human development under global change are inter-dependent. Endogenous development provides an interface for that helps communities to create new forms of bio-cultural diversity that are better suited to the world of today, resulting in increased resilience, improved food security, better management of natural resources, protection against the consequences of extreme whether events, and better health care services.