The COMPAS network envisions self-sustaining local and indigenous communities across the globe living in dignity, resilient to external and internal stresses, with a sense of belonging to their traditional worldviews. The livelihoods of the communities are based on a balanced material, social and spiritual well-being. Endogenous development revitalises ancestral and local knowledge and integrates external knowledge and resources that fit the local context. It leads to increased bio-cultural diversity, reduced environmental degradation, and a self-sustaining local and regional exchange of goods and services.